Day 2 :
- Asian Fisheries Management
Kasetsart University, Thailand
Kulapa Kuldilok is lecturer at Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University, Thailand. Her interests range from Fisheries and Aquaculture management as well as, agricultural production and marketing. Her previous research included in Strengthening Aquaculturist Capacity via Community Organization, Capacity Building for Thai Fish Farmers towards ASEAN Economic Community: Status and Outlook, and Study on Efficiency of Wholesale and Retail Markets of Royal Project’s Safe Fruits, Vegetable and Coffee Product and Consumers Demand on Safe Fruits, Vegetable Product and Coffee.
Most of aquaculturists in Thailand are small scales and individual farms therefore the development of aquacultures needs to be managed as community organizations to increase higher power of negotiation from the middlemen. Selected community organizations included Chacheongsao Province Sea Bass Aquaculturist Network Group as non-juristic organization, Tambon Tasoong Aquaculturist Group registered as juristic organization, two tilapia aquaculturist cooperatives including Pan Fisheries Cooperative, Ltd., and Nakornnayok Aquaculturist and Processor Cooperative, Ltd., and shrimp aquaculturist cooperatives in four watersheds i.e. Samroyyod-Pranburi, Tatong, Pak Phanang, and Chanthaburi. The purposes included 1) the study of cost-return in aquaculture groups 2) Analysis on the factors of success of the community organization 3) Study factors of success and guidelines to strengthen aquaculturist capacity via community organization. Data were collected from deeply interviewing 30 group members and 10 leader communities and local government agencies in each organization. The research methods are cost-return, Context Input Process and Product (CIPP model), SWOT-TOWS analyses and member participation. The results show that the cost-return of fish aquaculture in Pan Fisheries Cooperatives and Sea Bass Aquaculturist Network Group can earn profit while Nakornnayok Aquaculturist and Processor Cooperative face loss. In the case of shrimp, three shrimp cooperatives in Tatong, Pak Phanang, and Chanthaburi can earn profit excluded Samroyyod-Pranburi. There were four internal factors of success in establishing community organization. The first two factors were resource persons including the members and the leaders. The third factor was organization office and running capital. The fourth factor was the community operation. There should as well be external support and opportunity for successful operation. Recommendations for community organization development included 1) Member development to realize that collaboration was to strengthen their capacity. 2) The leaders must be honest and fair and available for organization work, as well as be acceptable among the members. 3) There should be office to conveniently serve the members especially funding. 4) The organization should offer full services to members including production promotion, provision of input supplies, information provision, and collaboration with relevant agencies.
- Fresh Water and Marine Fisheries
Mataram University, Lombok Indonesia
Nunik Cokrowati has her expertise in seaweed cultivation and fisheries management. She is lecturer at Mataram University Lombok Indonesia. Her research consent is application marine plant extract for increase the production of seaweed at West Nusa Tenggara Lombok Indonesia.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Ulva sp extract for Kappaphycus alvarezii, and to determine the dosage. This research is expected to provide benefits for seaweed farmers in increasing production. This research was conducted in August 1st until October 30, 2016, at Ekas Bay, Ekas Buana village, Jerowaru sub-district, East Lombok. The study design used a completely randomized design (CRD), there are six treatments with four replications, so the number of experimental units totalling are 24 experimental units. Data were analyzed using ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) and conducted a further test LSD (Least Significant Difference) if there is a significant effect of each treatment. The results showed that the extract of Ulva sp. have a significant influence on the specific growth rate and absolute growth of Kappaphycus alvarezii. The higest specific growth rate is 5.48% from the treatment 30% dosage Ulva sp extract. The highest absolute growth is the treatment with a concentration of 30% with an average weight of 498.5 grams. The conclusion of this research is extracts of Ulva sp. significantly affect Kappapycus alvarezii growth and optimal dose for growth Kappapycus alvarezii is 30%.
- Fisheries Management and Policy
University of Cantabria (UC) in Santander,Spain
José L. Fernández Sánchez is economist and professor of business economics and organization in the department of business administration at University of Cantabria (UC) in Santander (Spain). He also participates in the UC’s research group IDES. He gets a doctoral degree in Business Administration from University of Cantabria and two master degrees in Marketing (ESIC) and Economics (Queens College, CUNY). His research interests are related to corporate social responsibility, corporate reputation and strategy, as well as the sustainability of the primary sector and the food industry.
The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect that the market structure could have on the profit margins of the European (EU28) fish and seafood producers. This research employs the Structure–Conduct–Performance (SCP) paradigm to investigate the simultaneous relationship between price-cost margin (PCM), industrial concentration (IC), and technical efficiency (TE) in the European fish and seafood production industry. So, following Setiawan et al. (2013), the following non-recursive structural model can be formulated:
PCM = f (IC, TE, SIZE, GROWTH)
IC = g (PCM, GROWTH, CI)
TE = h (IC, SIZE)
This simultaneous system of equations has been estimated using the Full Information Maximum Likelihood (FIML) estimation method. Annual industry-macro data from different private and public sources (AMADEUS, STECF, and EUMOFA databases) for each of the EU28 countries during the period 2008–2013 has been employed to estimate the structural model parameters for the fishing and aquaculture sectors.
The findings about our structural model are presented in Table 1. So, a good fit of the whole model was obtained and estimation results are majorly in agreement with economic theory. The results show that market growth is negatively related to market concentration whereas capital intensity and the price-cost margin are positively related with industry concentration. Also, it has been found that higher industrial concentration leads to lower technical efficiency. On the other hand, technical efficiency is affected positively by the sector size (significance at the 1% level). Further, technical efficiency affects price-cost margin positively since technical efficiency lowers the per unit cost of production. Finally, industry concentration, technical efficiency, and market growth affect positively industry price-cost margins (at least, in the case of fishing sector, this effect has been statistically very significant) whereas industry size had a negative effect on the fish and seafood producers’ profit margins.
ECOFISBD Project, World Fish Bangladesh and South Asia, Bangladesh
Atiqur Rahman Sunny has completed his MS in Coastal and Marine Fisheries at the age of 24 years from Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh. He is the Research Assistant of World Fish Bangladesh and South Asia, a leading research organization. He has published 1 paper, 2 book chapters in reputed journal and book. He has participated in 5 International conferences and 5 papers are on the way of publication. The author has 4 years of experience to work closely with coastal fishing communities of Bangladesh which is considered as one of the most vulnerable communities of the world.
Sanctuaries are an important management tool for conservation and management of fisheries resources. This study analyse the socio-economic and ecological benefits of Hilsa sanctuaries that were declared in the Meghna, Padma and Andharmanik river to protect single most important Hilsa species. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected from six communities located in five Hilsa sanctuaries. Livelihood status of the fishers’ was studied and their perceptions regarding the performances of the Hilsa sanctuaries were analyzed. Majority of the fishers believe that sanctuaries are important for Hilsa conservation and enhanced production but closure of fishing during ban period have stopped their income and enhance sufferings for the community due to extreme poverty, inappropriate fisher’s list, inadequate incentive, corruption, nepotism and poor infrastructural development. To achieve the goals, conservation of Hilsa fisheries without undermining the sustainability of dependent livelihood - wide ranges of issues need to be taken into consideration. The compensation scheme needs to be sufficient, more transparent, inclusive and equitable for further conservation success along with the access of alternative income generating activities (AIGAs). Thus, a challenge for policy makers is to find a solution that benefits both the fishery conservation and poverty reduction. Involving local fishers and sharing responsibilities among different stakeholders for managing hilsa sanctuaries by introducing co-management approach successfully could be an effective solution.